Thursday, August 27, 2020

A Misconception Punishment of Oedipus King of Thebes

In numerous plays a character could have a misguided judgment of their reality. Consequently this could devastate a significant defining moment in the story. â€Å"Oedipus Rex† by Sophocles is one of such story. Toward the finish of the story Oedipus King of Thebes winds up ousted everlastingly from his realm. Furthermore, Oedipus genuinely puts out his own eyes, for a few reasons which will be talked about later. The inquiry is: Did Oedipus merit his disciplines? There are numerous variables that must be considered in noting this, including how Oedipus himself felt about this circumstance. His blinding was as much emblematic as it was physical agony. After the sum total of what variables have been thought of, I feel that just Oedipus’ expulsion was the fundamental discipline. It is essential to remember the entire fundamental thinking for Oedipus' quest for Laios' executioners: he wished to stop a savage plague, and that plague would possibly be halted when said killer is murdered, or driven from the land (Sophocles 723). Thus, when it is uncovered that Oedipus himself killed Laios, at that point expulsion is by all accounts the main alternative. Passing, in my psyche, isn't legitimate basically a direct result of what it may do to the realm's kin. Despite the fact that it appears that Oedipus has not been an especially decent ruler, in truth his lone significant achievement is by all accounts murdering the Sphinx each one of those years prior; having a lord executed could have genuine repercussions on the remainder of the realm. So at long last, the best way to fix the torment and keep the realm stable is by all accounts the expulsion of Oedipus. For this situation, the subject of whether he had the right to be rebuffed appears to be unimportant; Oedipus' just objective was to stop the issue and by leaving, he has achieved that objective. Expulsion was the main decision. Be that as it may, what precisely was Oedipus being rebuffed for? Considerably after re-perusing the play, this despite everything is by all accounts a hazy situation. Interbreeding? Improper no doubt, however Oedipus was clearly uninformed to his activities, and as far as anyone is concerned in Sophoclean times, there was no composed law against it and in this way no discipline for it (â€Å"The Three Goddesses†4). Oedipus' discipline may have been for murdering Laios, however how might you rebuff somebody for being a survivor of destiny? Greeks accepted at the hour of the play's composing that a man's life was â€Å"woven† by the 3 destinies (Clotho, Lachesis, and Atropos) and that he was unalterably bound to that fate (â€Å"The Three Goddesses† 2) . Knowing this and realizing that Oedipus became ruler of Thebes simply because it was his fate to kill Laios and murder the Sphinx, how would he be able to legitimately be rebuffed? Indeed, even Oedipus himself realizes that his activities are not by decision, yet by demonstrations of the divine beings, he makes reference to this twice in the play: â€Å"Some savage force has brought this downward on my head† (745). Just as â€Å"My god, my god †what have you intended to do to me? † (755) Such statements unmistakably show that Oedipus realized that he had no way out in his activities. With this methodology alone, Oedipus is undeserving of any set disciplines. Oedipus might not have been an especially decent man, yet at long last he comprehended what was best for his realm: â€Å"Out of this realm cast me with all speed† (757) †¦ or just that would spare his issues. Was that Oedipus' just discipline the play may have been significantly less complex, however Oedipus vivaciously wounds his own eyes with Jocasta's dress pins. This was Oedipus' method of attempting to rebuff himself, just as a break for him. Oedipus would no longer gaze upon the essences of his issues, his sibling (uncle? ) Kreon or even those of his kids. He is dove into a universe of murkiness. It must be noticed this was more than an essentially discipline, however I'm certain that it was one of the manners in which Oedipus planned it. The physical torment alone appears to demonstrate that. There are a lot simpler methods of getting incognizant in regards to the world than wounding one's eyes out. As I have expressed previously, Oedipus was blinded by his absurd pride some time before the start of the story. He possibly understood reality behind Laios' homicide when it was directly before his nose. He was in no way, shape or form dumb, in reality he put on a show of being a significant cunning man, yet his was a universe of visual impairment due to pride and force. In the wake of focusing on the two generally evident of Oedipus' disciplines, however there is another that may not appear to be so clear. Remembering that Sophocles made it clear that Oedipus was a man of so much pride that he may have thought of himself to be identified with a divine being. Anyway Oedipus fundamentally deprived of that pride toward the finish of the play, at that point the genuine discipline was uncovered. Oedipus' life depended on pride. It was what driven him to the homicide of Laios, which thusly prompted the murdering of the Sphinx, at that point prompted his turning out to be above all else. As he proceeds on his specific lifestyle, Oedipus turns out to be increasingly incredible, and all things considered, his pride likewise increments proportionately. He undermines both Teiresias and Kreon, and attempts to unravel the riddle of Laios' demise. What must go on inside his min d when he discovers that in addition to the fact that he murdered his dad, the lord, yet he likewise laid down with his mom? Realizing without a doubt that his realm would in the long run discover his demonstrations, how might he hold his head up when strolling through the city roads? How could his kin regard and admire a lord who was a killer and an interbreeding committer? Oedipus is consequently deprived of his pride, the main thrust behind his entire character. He has been squashed, and that which he had such an extensive amount before has been denied him. Where he was once at one extraordinary, he is presently at the other. To remove the very thing that drives a man is more awful than any physical agony or even demise itself. That is genuinely, as Sophocles expected it, Oedipus' definitive discipline. At the point when the drape falls and the lights go out on Oedipus Rex, the ruler's disciplines all out three. In spite of the fact that in my brain in any event, one far exceeds the other two, they are exceedingly significant and they all add to the absolute experience of the Greek disaster. At long last, I don't feel that Oedipus really merits the disciplines he is given, however that is simply because of the way that I place myself in the timespan this was sent in, utilizing the convictions of that time for my own. In the event that this story occurred in present day times, Oedipus positively would have merited his discipline, yet this thought is superfluous on the grounds that, essentially, this didn't happen in our â€Å"advanced† development. Oedipus was a survivor of destiny, unequipped with the expectation of complimentary will, and as such he ought to have not been rebuffed, spare expulsion just to fix the suffering.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Somatoform Disorder Essays

Somatoform Disorder Essays Somatoform Disorder Paper Somatoform Disorder Paper This issue envelops a few wellbeing issue. The illness influences the every day exercises of the patient. The patients do have a solid accept that they are wiped out and thus probably won't phony the sickness. The infection is difficult to be tried from numerous tests and it makes the patient progressively stressed. Their treatment requires a great deal of consideration and the best treatment would be the family relationship. All things considered, numerous types of treatment have taken a shot at the turmoil, which need a ton of care on the patient. SOMATOFORM DISORDER There is no physical recognizable reason for the sickness however there might be physical manifestations, for example, feelings of queasiness, sadness, agony, and tipsiness. Somatoform issue is otherwise called briquet’s condition, Pain issue, or Body dysmorphic clutter. This issue has an assortment of emotional well-being issue in which the fundamental driver is definitely not a particular physical side effect yet it shows itself as a physical issue. The side effects that the patients do have are numerous and they keep going for quite a while ideally years because of them not having the option to be limited to a particular physical reason. Kinds of the Somatoform Disorder Agony issue †shows up to a great extent to originate from the patients mental elements, it is all the more usually in the more established age and the apportion is about equivalent 2:1, Conversion issue †is the place the patient’s faculties of versatility are debilitated with no reason just pressure being the primary factor. Hypochondriasis †is for the most part identified with the burdens that one faces throughout everyday life, it is set apart by dread and absence of affirmation. It is currently in all age bunches it is no long a confusion for the developed grown-ups nut likewise the teenagers and kids, Body dysmorphic scatter †is a turmoil that influences the highlights on the face or head that are misrepresented. In any case, these disarranges do have their age gathering, a considerable lot of the youthful and young people are influenced by transformation issue despite the fact that there may be cases that include dysmorphic clutters as well. Guardians are being blamed on the change issue, as they are progressively mindful on the child’s side effects. Causes and side effects The turmoil is essentially because of the family pushes, parental displaying, social impacts, and organic components. These causes realize the state where a large number of the patients do have interminable cerebral pains, torment in the back, sickness, muscle spasms, and joint inflammation. Treatment The patient needs the best consideration in the organization of the treatment and it ought to be checked consistently. The treatment must be either prescriptions, a firm relationship with a solitary specialist, psychotherapy, and elective medication. Visualization It should be resolved whether the patient is youthful or old and the idea of the confusion and the life span of the equivalent. By and by, on the off chance that the patient’s by and large wellbeing is improved, at that point the treatment of the illness will be simple. Counteraction Taking consideration of the different developing of the kids to have the option to control the beginning of the turmoil. References Eisendrath S. J. , (1998). Mental Disorders. In Current Medical Diagnosis and Treatment, 37th ed. Altered by Stephen McPhee, et al. , Stamford: Appleton amp; Lange. healthatoz. com/healthatoz/Atoz/normal/norm/change. jsp? requestURI=/healthatoz/Atoz/ency/somatoform_disorders. jsp recovered on 04/05/2008. http://familydoctor. organization/on the web/famdocen/home/normal/torment/issue/162. html recovered on 04/05/2008. http://psyweb. com/Mdisord/jsp/somatd. jsp recovered on 04/05/2008.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Blog Archive Duke University (Fuqua) Essay Analysis

Blog Archive Duke University (Fuqua) Essay Analysis Note: The following essay questions pertain to the previous academic year. This section will be updated when the new question are released in early to mid-July of 2008.    Short Essays Answer both short essay questions. Two short essay answer questions and two long essays must be completed before submitting your application. Prepare your essays carefully. The Admissions Committee considers your responses to the following questions important in the selection process. Please respond fully and concisely using 1.5 line spacing. For the short answer questions, please restrict your response to a single page each.   For the long essay questions, please select only one question to answer from the three choices given for the first question, and then you must answer the second question. There is no restriction on the length of your response for the two long essay questions. Applicants typically use between 500 and 750 words for long essays one and two. Why are you interested in The Duke MBA and how will it help you achieve your goals?   Please also discuss your career path, including your short- and long-term professional goals. If you are interested in the Health Sector Management concentration or a joint degree program, please address in this essay. Because of significant overlap from one MBA application to the next, we have produced the “MBA Mission Personal Statement Guide.” We offer our guide to candidates free of charge, via our online store.   Please feel free to download your copy today. How will your background, values, and non-work activities enhance the experience of other Duke MBA students and add value to Fuquas diverse culture? This essay is broad and sweeping in nature, so it allows you to strategically showcase a mix of your greatest community and personal strengths. You should attempt to select a diversity of experiences and present them in such a way that you will be able to relate them back to your ability to contribute in a variety of areas â€" for example, the classroom, study teams and the community at large. A successful essay will be one  that not only details your personality/experiences, but also clearly illustrates how you will “enhance” Fuqua meaning that you show your intimate understanding of and connection to the Fuqua culture/experience. Please respond fully and concisely to one of the following three essay topics.   Clearly identify which question you have selected. 1) Describe an example of where you were challenged to lead in a team-oriented context. What was the challenge you faced, how did you address it, and what takeaways or lessons learned have you successfully applied in other leadership situations? By offering details of the situation and enabling the reader to vicariously experience the tensions (not necessarily emotional tension, but almost literally the influences that were “stretching” you), you will effectively draw the reader in. You need to offer a situation in which the reader understands that there were clear challenges and very specific obstacles facing you and then show that through decisive and purposeful action, you prevailed. We need to understand a clear cause and effect â€" a situation in which your choices lead to solutions  that have human elements, while still facilitating a broader goal. Fuqua explicitly asks you to discuss “takeaways,” key learnings from the experience that have an enduring impact. As always, the reflective element of the question should not be taken lightly and should definitely not be summed up with brief clichés. Your thoughts are entirely your own and true introspection will enable you differentiate yourself philosophically and show that you have the potential to be a more thoughtful manager than others. 2) Describe a situation in which your ability to perform ethically was challenged. What was the issue, how did you handle it, and what did you learn from it? Essays about ethics are inherently challenging, because ethics vary so dramatically from individual to individual. Thus, it is tempting to choose to write about an issue that is “black or white,” yet that generally does not make for an interesting essay, because there is no tension â€" you don’t need to take the time to explain your rationale when choices are clear. Generally, when writing about an ethical challenge, there needs to be some “grey area” for you to explore and for you to reason through, in order to prove that you have the capacity to make and abide by difficult decisions. However, discussing the situation itself is not enough â€" you need to prove that your learning endures and that the dilemma had an impact on you and your thinking going forward. 3) Describe a significant leadership failure in your life. What did you learn from this failure? How has it impacted who you are today and the kind of leader you would like to be? The best failure essays are often those that show reasoned optimism and tremendous momentum toward a goal â€" a goal that is ultimately derailed. In most cases, you will need to show that you were emotionally invested in your project/experience, which will enable the reader to connect with your story and vicariously experience your disappointment. If you were not invested at all, it is hardly credible to discuss the experience as a failure or learning experience. Of course, the reflective element is vitally important. It is very easy to offer trite, clichéd statements about your response and what you learned about yourself (Note: everyone learns resiliency â€" consider another key learning!). It will take time to truly create a unique statement about your road forward and lessons learned, but the payoff will come in an essay that is much more personal and self-aware than thousands of others. For this essay to be effective, the experience will need to be so powerful that the reader has a clear understanding of the enduring impact that it must have had and indeed does have on your life and behavior. How has your personal history and family background influenced your intellectual and personal development? What unique personal qualities or life experiences distinguish you from other applicants?   Note: The goal of this essay is to get a sense of who you are, rather than what you have achieved professionally. While this question has many parts, candidates should not be overwhelmed by it. In this essay, you need to explain the factors that have influenced your intellectual development and then discuss how this development has subsequently led you to a unique path in life or a unique world view. These factors may be found in close family relationships, geographic/national/religious influences, economic realities  or brief but influential life experiences and encounters. (Note: You should not  just write a biography!)  We cannot stress enough that you need to clearly connect these influences and show a cause and effect relationship between them and who you are today. While you do not need to engage in thorough psychoanalysis, you  should show self-awareness and an understanding of your own defining factors and motivations.   Share ThisTweet Blogroll

Monday, May 25, 2020

Workplace Ethics - Starbucks Case Study - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 9 Words: 2703 Downloads: 8 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Business Essay Type Narrative essay Did you like this example? 1.0 Introduction What is workplace ethics? Workplace ethics is a group of moral principles, standards of behavior, or set of values regarding proper conduct in the workplace. Workplace ethics are most often related in decision making processes because it is the most important responsibilities that we place on the leaders of organization is upholding the highest standards of ethical behavior. Ethics at workplace refer to choosing the option that is determined to be the moral or right choice. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Workplace Ethics Starbucks Case Study" essay for you Create order Starbucks is one of the worldà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s most ethical companies. Starbucks makes conscious efforts to be a responsible company and conduct business in an ethical manner. In its business, Starbucks was proud of it ethical ways in doing their business. They are through community, sourcing, environment, diversity and wellness. Starbucks has openly display its commitment to being socially responsible and they want their customers to know exactly how they doing. In Starbucks, Business Ethics and Compliance is a program that supports their mission which is à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“To inspire and nurture the human spirit à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" one person, one cup and one neighborhood at a time.à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  It helps to protect their culture and their reputation by providing resources that help partners make ethical decisions at work. Starbucks has makes conscious efforts to fulfill its companyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s mission. The majority of reports received by Business Ethics and Compliance involve employee relations issue that provides alternative reporting mechanisms as part of a comprehensive ethics and compliance program. Starbucks believes that conducting business ethically and striving to do the right thing are vital to their success. The program develops and distributes awareness materials, including the Standard of Business Conduct. In social responsibility, the Standard of Business Conduct is a statement of some of the companyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s expectations of how they conduct Starbucks business, consistent with their mission and core value. In workplace, Starbucks has emphasis in three sectors of their employees. First, are global human rights, their commitment to basic human rights as a core component of the way they do business and how they engage with their partners. Second is equal employment opportunity, their non-discrimination policy help the large number of their employees have a steady working situation. Third is health care, their support for he althcare reform that allows them to continue to offer affordable coverage to our partners. 3.0 Case Study Starbucks lead by its CEO Howard Schultz is an international coffeehouse chain based in Seattle, Washington, United States. It is the largest coffeehouse company in the world with 16120 stores in 49 countries. Products of Starbucks include drip brewed coffee, espresso-based hot drinks, other hot and cold drinks, snacks and items such as mugs and coffee beans. Many products are specific to the location of the stores. Starbucks Italian styles coffee, espresso beverages, teas and confectionaries had made it one of the worldà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s biggest specialty coffee chain. With the intention of communicating to employees and customers of the values and principles that the company upholds, Starbucks Coffee Company has outlined its mission statements; à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“To inspire and nurture the human spirit à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" one person, one cup, and one neighborhood at a ti meà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  (à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“Our Starbucks Missionà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  ,n.d ) . Even though Starbucks has a unique style of combining both Mission Statement and Vision Statement ( Garfieldml, 2012) its meaning is clear and concise. Viewing the statement in ethical perspective relating to its workplace it can be broken down into 4 key principles: Ethical sourcing of coffee à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" meaning a holistic approach to ethically source the highest quality coffee carefully blending, roasting and packing fresh. Our partner where Starbucks refer to its employees will be treated with respect and dignity with safeguarded by health coverage. Ethical environment stewardship à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" are committed to the conservation of environmental resources. 3.1 Critical and Main Issues Starbucks commitment to ethical practices in the workplace environment is reflected in its setting up of a Standard of Conducts for its partners. The main ethical issues addressed in the code of co nduct can be broadly categorise as commitment of partners to provide quality service to customers, conducive workplace environment for the partners and emphasis on integrity and fairness on all dealings. Commitment to provide quality service Partners should be committed not to harass or discriminate against customers, protect customersà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ health and safety by following all proper procedure relating to storage, handling, preparation and providing service for Starbucks products. Conducive working environment Consistent with global human rights standard, Starbucks promote equal opportunity in its hiring and promotion practices make decision solely on job related criteria. Employment of partners under age of 18 will take into consideration legal requirement of age, hour task and ensure the partnersà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ education, health, safety and mental or physical development is not affected. Starbucks partners should respect each otherà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s dignity. All partners are entitled to work in an environment that is free of harassment, bullying or discrimination. Officers are assigned to enforce the rules and practices pertaining to workplace health, safety and security to safeguard the partners. Starbucks is committed to comply with laws and regulation applicable to wages. It emphasizes that work performed should be compensated accordingly. Thus partners compensated on basis of hours must report accurately (Ali., Haris, Arslan, Jan., Asad-ud, Bashir., Sufwan, Usman, Ali , n.d). Starbuck College Achiever Plan motivates all benefits eligible partners to complete a bachelor degree with full tuition reimbursement through Arizona University top-ranked degree programs, delivered online (à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"Working At Starbucks n.d ). Emphasis on integrity and fairness on all dealings Partners must be committed to work fairly and honestly with government official and are not permitted to influence outcome by exchanging bribes. Partners must be truthful and straightforward in their dealing with government so as to meet high ethical and legal standard. Sales practice and advertising must compete on merit of product and services and communication with customers must be accurate and truthful. Partners committed to fair and open competition and must not use unethical means to eliminate competitors or control market price. Partners are prohibited from offering, giving, soliciting or recovering any form of bribe or inducement. Partners must ensure accuracy and integrity of Starbucks corporate reports and honest in disclosure of information to the authority. 3.2 Starbucks Application of Relevant Organizational Behaviour Principles and Concepts To monitor and enforce the ethical conduct of its partners at the workplace Starbucks had developed ass et of Standard of Business Conduct which is a resource distributed to all partners to help them make appropriate decision at work. To further help the partners facing with ethical problems Starbucks had set up a Business Ethics and Compliance unit headed by a partner resource. Considering partners who are not comfortable facing an officer to report unethical practices, Starbucks Ethics and Compliance Helpline is an avenue to report issues through free phone call. This facility operates 24 hours every day. Ethics And Compliance Webline is another way for partners to ask for guidance which can be submitted anonymously and treated in confidential manner. The above enforcement measures reflect Starbucks attempt to promote ethical behaviour at the workplace by applying the concept of motivation by rewarding partners through fair wages and benefits, interpersonal communication with the resource partner of the Business Ethics and Compliance to assist in preventing and resolving problem and the most important is through setting up a structure standard code of behaviour to modify the behaviour of its partners. All these efforts had resulted in the company being awarded one of the most ethical companies by Ethisphere for the year 2007 to 2012 Allegra strategies had also voted Starbucks as the à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"Most Ethical Company , European Coffee Industry for the year 200 to 2011 (Ali et.al n.d). 3.3 Criticizes or Comments First and foremost, we would like to have some comments on the critical issues of Starbucks identified by us in our study. Those issues found by us are the commitment of Starbucks to provide quality service to customers, the providing of a conducive working environment for employees and the emphasis on integrity and fairness on all dealings in the company. It is very important for a company to have commitment to provide quality service to customers. This is because it will increase the satisfaction of customers towards the company. The q uality service provided will act as Starbucksà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s competitive advantage to create loyal customers. Starbucksà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s reputation can also be enhanced through the spreading of news about the good service provided by the company through blogs and social media. This will attract more customers and increase the revenue of Starbucks. A working environment which is conducive is a key element to the performance of the employees and also is one of the individual rights for the employees. The work environment creates behavioural patterns in human development and has both physical and psychological influences on employees in the company. A harmonized and comfortable environment will increase the productivity and job satisfaction of employees. When the employees are in a peaceful environment without any disturbance or unethical problems created by others in the company, they can be more focused in their work and put more effort in it as well as have a better perform ance. The emphasis on integrity and fairness on all dealings by Starbucks is a key factor to support the ethical principles which are individual rights and distributive justice. Managers that are being fair and integral can avoid conflicts happen between employees and a peaceful as well as friendly working environment will be created in the company. This will also enhance employees trust on Starbucks and improve their loyalty to the company. In conclusion, we have positive comments on the main issues in Starbucks and they are quite important to support the ethical principles. 4.0 Recommendations After studying about the topic that we chose that is ethics at workplace, we found that there are many ethical practices practised by employers as well as employees in Starbucks which is the company that we chose. We have some suggestions on how they can further improve practising ethics in Starbucks. First of all, we suggest Starbucks to use ethical screening for job applican ts during interview. Ethical screening is the process of checking these job applicants against certain moral standards and removing those who do not conform. This can be done by checking the resumes of those applicants which contain the behavioural information that reflects the attitude of the applicants. The interviewers should also interview them about how they managed the ethical issues faced by them at their previous workplace and how they are going to solve the ethical problems cases when they face them in the future. Besides, they should also make sure the applicants share the same ethical values with the company and will maintain them on the job. This can prevent one unethical employee to have a bad influence on others in the company that may ruin the good image of an ethical company. Moreover, Starbucks can expose new employees to the companyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s code of ethics, code of conducts and ethical decision making process during the orientation to improve the ethic s in the company. The companyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s codes of ethics and conducts act as its conscience and provide a common ethical reference point for employees. By reviewing these conducts, employees will know about what they should do and what they should not do in the company. They also know whether the issues appear in the future are considered ethical or not ethical according to the companyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s code of ethics and code of conducts and solve it with the best and necessary solution. Furthermore, Starbucks can improve ethics in the company by providing ethics training workshops for all employees annually to supplement ethics codes. The managers that organise these training workshops should provide some real cases with ethical violations of Starbucksà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ ethics code and let them think carefully and discuss among themselves about what they should do for those scenarios. After that, the managers should teach them the correct and best solutions to solve th ese kinds of ethical problems. Through these workshops, the employees will know what to do when they face these kinds of ethical issues in the future and the relationship between employees will also be enhanced through the interaction in the workshop as well as build trust between each other. We also recommend Starbucks to strengthen the ethics which are individual rights and distributive justice of the work unit by rewarding those employees with ethical behaviours equally and punish those with unethical behaviours through work goals and performance appraisals. The managers should praise those employees that achieve the goals in an ethical way or even give them a certificate for being an ethical employee to encourage them. This will also act as a motivation for other employees. At the same time, they should give the same punishment to those employees with unethical behaviour by giving them a warning letter so that they will not do it again in the future. This can also act as an e xample for other employees so that they will not make the same mistake as these unethical employees. By doing this can avoid developing moral confusion in the company. The next suggestion for Starbucks is the managers or the direct supervisors of the employees should model appropriate behaviours in themselves as they are actually the most important ethics reference point for the employees. Ethical behaviours in a company start at top management because the employees tend to follow the behaviour and action of their managers towards an ethical issue. It has a greater influence on employees compared to the stated policies of the company. Therefore, the words and actions of the managers should always be aligned with the companyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s code of ethics and code of conducts. They should act with integrity all the time in order to maintain an ethical workplace. In conclusion, there are many other ways that Starbucks can further improve ethics in the company other than what we suggest here. Improving ethics at workplace is very important in order to be a famous company with good image and quality as well as employees and employers can work together harmoniously without creating any unethical issues on behalf of the company and the customers. 5.0 Conclusion Starbucks is one of the most ethical companies in the world. Starbucks was proud of it ethical ways such as community, sourcing, environment, diversity and wellness in doing their business. It has openly display its commitment to being social responsibility. The program of Business Ethics and Compliance is to support their mission and help to protect their culture and reputation. Starbucks has emphasis their employees into three sectors which is global human rights, equal employment opportunity and health care. In Starbucks, they are using three principles in workplace ethics. First is utilitarianism, it can divide into two types which are act-utilitarianism and rule-utilitarianism. Second i s distributive justice who means sharing of the benefits and burdens of our lives among people. Third are rights, rights played a central role in ethics and it is important to ensure that the freedom and well-being of each individual will be protected when others threaten that freedom or well-being. There are 3 key principles in Starbucks. (1) Ethical sourcing of coffee, (2) Our partner and (3) Ethical environmental resources. The main ethical issues addressed in Starbucksà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s code of conduct for its partners can be categories as commitment of partners to provide quality service to customers, create a workplace environment which is conducive for the partners and emphasis on integrity and fairness on all dealings. After study, we found that there are many ethical practices practiced by employers as well as employees in Starbucks. Starbucks should use ethical screening for job applicants during interview. Starbucks also can expose new employees to the companyà ¢Ã ¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s code of ethics, code of conducts and ethical decision making process during the orientation to improve the ethics in the company. Besides that, Starbucks can improve ethics in the company by providing ethics training workshops for all employees annually to supplement ethics codes. Moreover, Starbucks also need to strengthen the ethics which are individual rights and distributive justice of the work unit by rewarding those employees with ethical behaviours equally and punish those with unethical behaviours through work goals and performance appraisals. Last but not lease, Starbucks should model appropriate behaviours in themselves as they are actually the most important ethics reference point for the employees.

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Genetically Modified Foods Essay - 615 Words

Genetically Modified Foods Genetically modified crops are harmful to humans and the environment and shouldnt be used. Agriculture should proceed in harmony with nature and nature only. That is why some people have decided to buy organically grown food. From their experiences with organic food, they believe that the organic system can be economically practical. This system also provides a wide range of environmental and social benefits, and most importantly, it enables consumers to make a choice about the food they eat. According to Diana Brander, an American biology teacher, we should have the choice of the type of food we eat. But at a time when sales of organic food are soaring, a development in agriculture is removing an†¦show more content†¦Even if this is true, it is not the whole story. The government may fail to take into account the ecological impact of the farming industry. For example, most of the genetically modified plants marketed so far contain genes from bacteria which make them resistant to a wide variety of weed killers. When the crop is sprayed with this weed killer all other plants in the field are killed. The result is a very sterile field, providing neither food nor habitat for wildlife. The genetically modified plants are capable of interbreeding with their relative plants which creates new weeds with a built in resistance to the weed killer. In one incident modified genes from a crop spread into a conventional crop that was more than a mile away. As a result of this, conventional crops and organic crops are in great danger. Genetically modified crops are being developed to produce their own pesticide. This will bring the rapid appearance of resistant insects. Even worse, these pesticide producing plants have killed some beneficial insects and pests that many farmers use in their crops. For example, inserting a gene from a snowdrop, a perennial herb found in Europe and Asia into a potato, made the potato resistant to the green fly, but killed lady bugs that feed on green flies. Despite the huge acreages involved, there is no requirement to monitor genetically modified commercial crops to see what is happening at all times.Show MoreRelatedGenetically Foods : Genetically Modified Foods1239 Words   |  5 PagesGenetically Modified Foods â€Å"70 percent of our corn farmland and 93 percent of soy farmland are planted with crops genetically engineered to resist pests and herbicides and increase crop yields. 60% of all the processed foods in the United States are genetically modified; a shocking statistic has the concern of many Americans. However, most people are uninformed about the beneficial impact that genetically modified food has on their diet. GM is the use of molecular biology technology to modify theRead MoreGenetically Modified Food : Modified Foods1165 Words   |  5 PagesCheenne 09/21/2014 Genetically Modified Food Accompany the growing population in the world and food shortages, in order to alleviate the immediate crisis, transgenic technology began to be used in the field of food production. Genetic engineering technology as a young technology, which gives us a lot of genetically modified food and gained unprecedented gains. But science is a double-edged sword. People are concern the topic about that whether genetically modified foods is safety. It is evidentlyRead MoreGenetically And Genetically Modified Food947 Words   |  4 PagesAs genetically modified food appeared into people’s consciousness, it had been at the center of vehement controversy. Because people lack information about genetically modified food’s potential influence, they wonder whether genetically modified food is a miracle or not. Genetically modified food can solve several problems. The potential effects of genetically modified food also should be measured. However, people should not assume that genetic ally modified food only has disadvantages, but understandRead MoreGenetically And Genetically Modified Foods822 Words   |  4 PagesGenetically Modified Foods What is it that we are eating? GMO’s are unnatural. Is it healthy to eat something that doesn’t belong in our digestive system? GMO’s are genetically modified food. Genetically modified foods are created by taking genes from plants and animals and inserting into our food to alter the genetic engineering. In 1984, GMO’s were first introduced when a plant was modified from antibiotic resistant tobacco. In 1994, genetically modifying food was approved by the FDA and theRead MoreGenetically And Genetically Modified Foods1979 Words   |  8 Pages Genetically modified organisms are plants and animals that have been biologically engineered with the DNA of other plants, animals, bacteria, etc. Such modifications and combinations cannot occur in nature through crossbreeding or by other organic means. While commonplace in the vast majority of our marketplace, the information and nature of genetically modified foods is not as common. Information is, in fact, available on these genetically modified products, but they have to be sought out. TheRead MoreGenetically Modified Foods1101 Words   |  4 Pages Ever wondered what has been put into everyday food and what the impact is on human health? Approximately 60-80 % of everyday food has one ingredient made from genetically modified foods. When hearing â€Å"genetically modified food† people automatically think it is only bad for health, but there is also a good impact surprisingly. The one bad thing is that people do not know what types food have been modified because the re are no labels for GMO products. Even though GMOs have a bad impact on humanRead MoreWhat Are Genetically Modified Foods?1236 Words   |  5 PagesWhat are genetically-modified foods? The term GM foods or GMOs (genetically-modified organisms) is most commonly used to refer to crop plants created for human or animal consumption using the latest molecular biology techniques. These plants have been modified in the laboratory to enhance desired traits such as increased resistance to herbicides or improved nutritional content. The enhancement of desired traits has traditionally been undertaken through breeding, but conventional plant breeding methodsRead MoreGenetically Modified Foods1787 Words   |  7 PagesPart 1 Genetically Modified Food ‘With genetically modified foods I believe we have reached the thin edge of the wedge, we are messing with the building blocks of life and its scary’ - Malcom Walker, Chairman and Chief Executive of Iceland Foods (Quotes from Scientists). Genetically modified organisms or GMOs are plants or animals made by splicing the gene and inserting DNA from different species of plants, animals, bacteria, and viruses. These genes would not naturally result in a cross breed.Read MoreGenetically Modified Food1213 Words   |  5 PagesThis report evaluate about the genetically modified food that why we need this, what are its key issues and how we can overcome these issues? In the field of biotechnology, the vast development was observed in the last few decades comprising the manipulation of genetic material to generate animal and plants with certain desirable attributes. Genetically Modified/Manipulated Organisms frequently termed as GMOs, refer to organisms whose genetic material has been modified through recombinant DNA (rDNA)Read MoreGenetically Modified Foods1928 Words   |  8 PagesAre genetically modified foods assessed differently from traditional foods? Genetically Modified Foods (GMOs) are known to cause a swarm of controversy; a lot of experts disagree with the notion that if it’s economically successful, then the potential health risks found in Genetically Modified Foods can be overlooked. The questions someone must ask themselves is this, can the Genetically Modified Foods be helpful? Does money matter more than your health? Ask yourself these questions. But before

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Marriage and Divorce in Hard Times - 2815 Words

Marriage and Divorce in Dickens’ Hard Times: A Statement on the Religious Morals of 19th Century British Society The Victorian era in England gave birth to the first real industrial society the world had ever seen. With the rise of industry came large cities, an expanded working class population and the rapid rise of imperialism. Although England was progressing towards a more powerful place in the world, its citizens seemed to be drifting in the opposite direction. Oppressive laws and working conditions set clear boundaries between classes in England. The most oppressive social and state laws were those regarding to marriages and divorces. Just as the people of England felt trapped in the unequal social structure of England, the same is†¦show more content†¦Judge William Blackstone had announced that husbands could administer moderate correction to disobedient wives, and there were other means: as late as 1895, Edith Lanchesters father had her kidnapped and committed to a lunatic asylum for cohabiting with a man† (Wojtczak, â€Å"English Women’s History†). Although religion is not explicitly mentioned in Hard Times, religious values were involved in the social structure of England. Social and government laws were based on religious morals. For example, The Bible specifically states, â€Å"Let the husband render unto the wife due benevolence: and likewise also the wife unto the husband† (King James Version, 1. Corinthians. 7.3). The Bible notes that the husband should treat his wife with benevolence. When one thinks of marriage, they think of love and emotions. This certainly does not seem to be the case in Mr. and Mrs. Gradgrind’s marriage. A perfect example of this is when Mrs. Gradgrind quotes on her deathbed, â€Å"You must remember my dear, that whenever I have said anything, on any subject, I have never heard the last of it; and consequently, that I have long left off saying anything† (Dickens’ 151). To expand this further, The Bible also notes that, â€Å"Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother , and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh† (Genesis, 2.24). The Bible promotes the idea of a man and woman being together as â€Å"one flesh.† To be â€Å"one† is to be equal or balanced. This is not theShow MoreRelatedPopular Culture s Negative Influence Essay1727 Words   |  7 PagesCelebrating twenty-eight years of marriage seems to be a pretty impressive feat in today’s world. Not to mention all the couples who have been together for forty, even fifty years. Forty to fifty percent of marriages end in divorce in America (Kazdin, 1). Some say that that is a myth, that it is not actually factual. However, thorough research proves that it is unfortunately true. From popular culture’s negative influence, to how marriage could go all wrong, and finally to why it sometimes just can’tRead MoreDivorce Is The Best Or Worst For Kids?1093 Words   |  5 PagesMarriage is the legally recognized union of two people in a personal relationship, usually a man and a woman. (Kunz, 2012) When we think of marriage, we usually think of a man and a woman with children living happily ever after. Sometimes this is not the case in some marriages around the world. Usually there are some struggle and difficulties in marriages that could end in divorce. Divorce is more of a normal thing, more than half of the marriages end up in divorce. (Weaver Schofield, 2014) ThisRead MoreEssay on The Negative Effects of Divorce Rates in United States1240 Words   |  5 Pageswant to get married. A good marriage is one that consists of love, understanding, and proper communication. ...Till death do us apart, such a sweet phrase to hear right? But does anyone really take that phrase in a serious matter? There are several reasons that cause people to divorce and this result affects the children. ​In the U.S., is it common that we see many married people end their relationship with a divorce and most of them are young people. The divorce rates still at a high rate thatRead MoreDivorce And Its Effect On Society Essay1648 Words   |  7 Pages Half of all marriages end in divorce. That means that between a person and their closest friend, one of them is likely to get a divorce (Stanton 3). That’s a shocking and scary statistic since divorce is so unhealthy for everyone involved. Sociology’s view, religion’s view, and even the effect of psychology all point to one end, divorce is not beneficial. Divorce is a topic that has been widely silenced because it has rocked so many people’s lives. A 50 percent divorce rate is a huge increase ofRead MoreDivorce Is A Normative Event1108 Words   |  5 PagesMarriage is the legally or formally recognized union of two people as partners in a personal relationship, usually a man and a woman. When we think of marriage we usually think of a man and a woman with children living happily ever after. Sometimes this is not the case in some marriages around the world. Usually there is some struggle and difficulties in marriages that could end in divorce. According to Weaver (2014), â€Å"In today’s world, divorce is a normative event, affecting approximately half ofRead MoreWhat Do People Think About Life After Getting A Divorce?859 Words   |  4 PagesWhat do people think about life after getting a divorce? Is it hard? Is it easier? A person can only answer these difficult questions if they have been married and divorced. It c an’t be easy on someone’s physical and mental state-along with family and finances, but one can adapt to the changes. We wonder time after time- Why are people getting married and then divorce. Why is divorce an option when getting married? Why is it granted? There are millions reasons why but this cause and effect easy canRead MoreSeparation Of A Child s Parents1287 Words   |  6 PagesEach year, over one million American children suffer from divorce in their families (Fagan). Divorce causes lasting damage to all involved, but especially children. Many people assumed that what is good for the mother and father is good for the child. But now, tremendous amounts of research have been done on divorce and children. All the research points out one hard truth and that is that kids suffer when mom and dad get a divorce (focus on the family). Separation of a child’s parents puts the childRead MoreDivorce Is A Problem Of Being Proven Essential For Healthy Marriages968 Words   |  4 Pageshand families I know who have never been affected by divorce. Divorce is growing more and more common throughout the world today. It is a problem in need of a solution. Divorce will never be completely eliminated, but it can’t hurt to give it a shot, right? I thought to myself the other day about who all I know who has never been divorced, and all I came up with was my very own parents. Later on I asked them why, and turns out prior to their marriage, they had gone through somewhat of a class togetherRead MoreEssay on Problems With Living Together Before Marriage1129 Words   |  5 PagesKim has just signed her divorce papers and cannot hide the sadness and confusion she feels. Two years ago everyone told her living with her boyfriend was a great idea. They said she would be able to get to know him better and see if marriage would work. She trusted her friends and thought that since everyone else was doing it that it must be the wisest choice. Wha t went wrong? Why was she unhappy with her marriage even after getting to know her husband through cohabitation? Would things haveRead MoreDivorce : A Serious Epidemic932 Words   |  4 Pagespositive to every negative. Even my divorce? For me, yes. If you go back and look at it, why it happened or how it happened, there’s something in there that’ll make you laugh.† Although divorce can be considered humorous it has become a serious epidemic. About 50 percent of all marriages end in divorce. The purpose of this paper is to discuss how an individual takes part in causing divorce, how society plays a part in divorce, and how can we lessen the situation. When divorce is looked into the odds of success

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Impact of Material Misstatement on Profitability Study of Tesco PLC

Question: Describe about the Impact of Material Misstatement on Profitability for Study of Tesco PLC? Answer: Introduction The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of material misstatement on organizational profitability. In this study, Tesco PLC has been chosen as the case company. The term material misstatement refers to the practice of overstating organizational profitability in financial report. According to ISA (International Standard on Auditing) 315, difference between the facts and forecasted information is known as misstatements or irregularities (Bhattacharjee, Maletta Moreno, 2015). In case of Tesco, the company has overstated the profit by 250 million in 2013-2014 financial statement (Tesco.com 2016). This research will emphasize the specific impacts of material misstatement on profitability of Tesco PLC. This study is important to understand the importance of ISA 315 and its guidelines in order to comply with the same. Background of the Study Concept of Material Misstatement In order to understand the concept of material misstatement, it is important to discuss the concept of materiality. The term materiality refers to the accounting principle in which an organization should disclose financial records in a proper manner. The material misstatement is the difference between the actual data and the published information through the financial report. The reason behind publishing fabricated information is to influence the internal and external stakeholders (Wright, 2016). Moreover, material misstatement may happen due to low advocacy of the management. It is the responsibility of internal accountant to make and publish the financial report. On the other hand, external regulatory body is responsible for cross checking whether the provided information is true or not. Misstating the materials is not only an example of non-compliance to the guideline, but also an unethical practice. Risk of misstating material There are different risk factors are associated with material misstatement. In case of Tesco, the company has misstated the financial documents in order to earn short-term profitability. However, this particular strategy of the company goes negative. Therefore, shareholders of the company were deprived during the return period. It has affected brand image of the company negatively. The company has boosted the profitability by showing increased profitability by 250 million. It has influenced the investors to increase their investment in order to make profit. However, the discloser of material misstatement has affected the share price of the company negatively (Flood, 2016). Material misstatement has wide impact on the internal control of an organization. In this era of competition, companies are implementing efficient strategies in order to attract both internal and external stakeholders. The literature review shows that unethical approaches have been identified in order to influence the stakeholders. However, this particular approach has negative impact on organizational profitability (Xu, 2015). Moreover, not complying with the ISA guideline can cause legal issues, which may hamper the business process of an organization. Impact of Material Misstatement on Profitability The practice of material misstatement has negative impact on business profitability. The purpose of misstating the financial data is to influence the stakeholders to stick to the company for long-term purpose. However, discloser of this kind of practice has negative impact on the stakeholders perception about the company (Bai, 2016). Therefore, it affects long-term business opportunity for the company. Moreover, providing fabricated information through the financial report can influence legal issues due to non-compliance with the legal guidelines. Research Questions Following are the research questions What are the factors that tend an organization to misstate in financial report? What are the processes of material misstatement detection? What are the probable risk factors of material misstatement? Project Deign Data collection method In this study, the aim is to identify the impact of material misstatement on organizational profitability of Tesco. Therefore, the data collection will be done by targeting accounting team and finance manager of the company. There are two kinds of data collection methods such as primary and secondary (Smith, 2015). In primary data collection process, data can be gathered through survey and interview process. On the other hand, in secondary research, data can be collection through observing authentic sources such as journals, press release and website. The process of secondary data collection is time consuming and it would increase the overall research budget (Flick, 2015). On the other hand, primary data collection would help to directly communication with the respective authorities of Tesco PLC. Therefore, primary data collection method will be selected in this study. Sampling technique Sampling helps to select a group of people for conducting the data collection process. In order to gather appropriate data, it is highly important to select the most appropriate population from the targeted company (Hartas 2015). There are two kinds of sampling techniques such as probability and non-probability sampling. Through probability sampling, population can be selected randomly. In this study, probability sampling will be selected in order to select survey respondents from the accounting team (Katz, 2015). On the other hand, non-probability sampling technique will be selected in order to select interview respondents from the finance manager team of Tesco PLC. Sample Selection In this study, 50 employees and 5 managers of Tesco PLC have been selected as the sample. 50 employees will be selected randomly from the accounts team of the company. The managers will be selected in order to conduct the interview session. Through these sample size, it will be possible to conduct both survey and interview session. The reason behind selecting 50 survey respondents is to improve the quality of gathered information in survey session. Targeting large sample is beneficial for the study; however, it will increase time consumption of the overall study. Research Venue The survey session will be conducted online through the company website. The link of survey form will be provided to the accounts team through e-mail. The employees will be responsible for filling out the forms and revert it back to the sender. On the other hand, the interview session will be conducted in office premises. The qualitative session will be a closed-door meeting in the office premises in order to maintain confidentiality of data. Data Analysis Method In this study, data will be analyzed through efficient data analysis tools. There are various types of data analysis methods such as statistical analysis and case study analysis (Clement et al., 2015). In this study, statistical analysis will be selected in order to analyze the survey data. In this process, Microsoft Excel will be used as a tool. Mean, median, mode and standard deviation will be calculated in order to analyze the survey data. On the other hand, the qualitative data will be analyzed through close observation (McNabb, 2015). In this method, key factors of the qualitative data will be highlighted and observed. It would help to answer the research question appropriately in an effective manner. Project Implications The findings of this research would help the global organizations to understand the importance of ISA guidelines. Through this study, the contemporary organizations will be able to understand the analysis process of material misstatement. The findings will provide with a clear understanding about material misstatement. Therefore, the contemporary organizations will be able to understand the impact of material misstatement on organizational profitability. Moreover, the findings will encourage the organizations to maintain ethical business practice in an efficient manner. In this study, the findings will be provided to the accounts team and managers of the organization. The researcher will send soft copy of the findings to the survey participants in order to communicate the result. On the other hand, hard copy documents will be provided to the higher authority of the company. Ethical Approval In order to conduct efficient study, it is highly important to comply with the ethical guideline. In business research, there are different ethical guidelines that help a researcher to obtain accurate research result (McCusker Gunaydin, 2015). In this study, the researcher will comply with data protection act. The data gathered in data collection process should be kept confidential. The researcher is not allowed o disclose the data for commercial purpose. Apart from that, the researcher should not force the respondents to take part in data collection process. However, it is important to increase the response rate in order to improve the quality of research outcome (Bryman Bell, 2015). Therefore, the researcher will encourage the respondents to share their viewpoints in order to increase response rate. Moreover, the ethical guidelines will be followed in order to deal with ethical issues. Timeline (Refer to the appendix) Learning Through the semesters, I have learnt a lot about applied business research. I have found that the most interesting learning about this subject is selecting the research methods. I have learnt that in order to select appropriate methodologies, it is highly important to understand the research topic appropriately. Moreover, I have understood the potential ethical factors that could arise during the research. The challenging part of applied business research is literature review. In this section, it is difficult to investigate information about the topic. It is time consuming and costly as well. Therefore, as a student, it has been difficult for me to conduct a vast literature review about the research issues. In business research, the difficulties occur due to authorization for data collection. The targeted company may not give permission to the researcher for gathering research data. However, in order to conduct the research, it is highly important to communicate with the relevant respondents. Therefore, students may find research difficult and overwhelming. References Bai, G. (2016). The role of account subjectivity and risk of material misstatement on auditors' internal audit reliance judgments.Accounting Horizons,30(2), 225-238 Bhattacharjee, S., Maletta, M. J., Moreno, K. K. (2015). The Role of Account Subjectivity and Risk of Material Misstatement on Auditors' Internal Audit Reliance Judgments.Accounting Horizons,30(2), 225-238 Bryman, A. Bell, E., (2015).Business research methods. Oxford University Press, USA Clement, S., Schauman, O., Graham, T., Maggioni, F., Evans-Lacko, S., Bezborodovs, N., Morgan, C., Rsch, N., Brown, J.S.L. Thornicroft, G., (2015). What is the impact of mental health-related stigma on help-seeking? A systematic review of quantitative and qualitative studies.Psychological medicine,45(01), pp.11-27 Flick, U., (2015).Introducing research methodology: A beginner's guide to doing a research project. Sage Flood, J. M. (2016). AUà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ C 315 Understanding the Entity and Its Environment and Assessing the Risks of Material Misstatement.Wiley Practitioner's Guide to GAAS 2015: Covering all SASs, SSAEs, SSARSs, PCAOB Auditing Standards, and Interpretations, 91-117 Hartas, D. ed., (2015).Educational research and inquiry: Qualitative and quantitative approaches. Bloomsbury Publishing Katz, J., (2015). A theory of qualitative methodology: The social system of analytic fieldwork.Mthod (e) s: African Review of Social Sciences Methodology,1(1-2), pp.131-146 McCusker, K. Gunaydin, S., (2015). Research using qualitative, quantitative or mixed methods and choice based on the research.Perfusion,30(7), pp.537-542 McNabb, D.E., (2015).Research methods for political science: Quantitative and qualitative methods. Routledge Smith, J.A. ed., (2015).Qualitative psychology: A practical guide to research methods. Sage Tesco | Online Groceries, Homeware, Electricals Clothing. (2016). Tesco.com. Retrieved 5 October 2016, from https://www.tesco.com Wright, W. F. (2016). Client business models, process business risks and the risk of material misstatement of revenue.Accounting, Organizations and Society,48, 43-55 Xu, W. (2015). Research and Analysis of Material Misstatement Risks of Financial Statement